In 1954, the United States Supreme Court handed down a landmark ruling in the case of Brown v. Board of Education. The ruling in this case officially brought an end to segregation of the public school systems throughout the nation. However, recent studies have pointed out that there is still a great deal of segregation within the school system, and educational opportunities are not always equal.
Recent studies have shown that a little over 30 percent of Black and Latino students attend schools that are nearly 100 percent non-white. Studies also show that about one-third of white students attend schools that are almost 100 percent all white. Why are schools still so segregated?
Some education analysts believe that the segregation of schools that still exists is due to school choice programs. These programs make it easier for parents to move their children to school’s that have the racial make up that the parents desire. Other analysts believe that there is not really any systematic segregation. They believe that schools’ racial makeup is just a matter of where families happen to live.
One thing appears certain, schools that have a high proportion of minority students lack many of the course offerings available in nearly all white schools. Studies have demonstrated that courses in the arts are often lacking in schools with high minority populations while these types of courses are readily available in majority-white schools.